Diabetes Vocabulary

The A to Z of Diabetes


A1c A test that measures a person’s average blood glucose level over the past 2 to 3 months. See also HbA1c
Basal Background (or longer lasting) insulin
bg / bgm Blood Glucose / Blood Glucose Monitoring
#bgnow Used when posting your current blood glucose level on Twitter
Bolus An extra amount of (fast acting) insulin taken to cover an expected rise in blood glucose, often related to a meal or snack


CBGM Capillary Blood Glucose Monitoring
CCG Clinical Commissioning Group which replaced PCTs. An explanation of the changing NHS landscape can be found on the BBC News website: The Changing NHS
CGM / CGMS Continuous Glucose Monitoring / Continuous Glucose Monitoring System
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
CWD Child With Diabetes / Children With Diabetes


D Diabetes
DAFNE Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating
#dblog Used on Twitter to identifty a diabetes blog post
DESMOND Diabetes Education and Self Management for Ongoing and Newly Diagnosed – Structured Education for those with Type 2 Diabetes
DKA Diabetic Ketoacidosis. An emergency condition in which extremely high blood glucose levels, along with a severe lack of insulin, result in the breakdown of body fat for energy and an accumulation of ketones in the blood and urine. Signs of DKA are nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, fruity breath odor, and rapid breathing. Untreated DKA can lead to coma and death
#doc Used on Twitter as shorthand for the Diabetes Online Community
DSN Diabetes Specialist Nurse
DUK Diabetes UK
dx Diagnosed


GAD / GADA / GAD65 The presence of islet cell autoantibodies indicates that the body’s immune system has been damaging beta cells in the pancreas. The antibodies that are routinely tested for include IAA, IA-2A, ICA512, and GAD65 (also called GAD or GADA)
#gbdoc Hashtag used for a diabetes chat on Wednesday evenings at 9pm
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test
HbA1c Hemoglobin A1c. See A1c
HCP Health Care Professional
HHS Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State occurs in people with Type 2 diabetes, who experience very high blood glucose levels
HONK Hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma. See HHS
IDDM Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
IDF International Diabetes Federation
IOB Insulin On Board – a calculation of the amount of insulin still active in the body


JDRF Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
LADA Latent Auto-Immune Diabetes in Adults
MDI Multiple Daily Injections, essentially a basal/bolus regime of injecting insulin
mg/dL Milligrams per decilitre. In the United States, blood glucose test results are reported in mg/dL. In the UK blood glucose is reported in mmol/L. To convert to mmol/L from mg/dL you divide by 18.
mmol/L Millimoles per litre. Blood glucose test results in the UK are reported in mmol/L. In the United States blood glucose tests are reported in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). To convert from mmol/L to mg/dL you multiply by 18
MODY Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young


OGTT Oral Glucose Tolerance Test. In the vernacular: The Lucozade Challenge!
#ourD Hashtag used for the Our Diabetes tweetchat on Tuesday evenings at 8pm
PCT Primary Care Trust. Now defunct, replaced by CCGs. An explanation of the changing NHS landscape can be found on the BBC News website: The Changing NHS
PDSN Paediatric Diabetes Specialist Nurse
PWD Patient With Diabetes / Person With Diabetes


T1D Type 1 Diabetes
T2D Type 2 Diabetes
TBR Temporary Basal Rate – a term used by those with an insulin pump when increasing or decreasing the basal delivery rate for a specific period of time usually to cover sickness or exercise
WDD World Diabetes Day
YDMV Your Diabetes May Vary

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